Saturday, May 23, 2020
EDUC1708 Research Essay Due: 25 August 2014 By: Kody Williamson (s4350274) Tutor: Dr Joy Kennedy Youdell (2012) argues that the singular and one-off multicultural events reproduce majority/minority, Same/Other relations in their display of minoritises cultures for the appreciation of or consumption by the majority. (p 153) This essay will look into the argument of how the one off multicultural events can be seen as racist, fostering social-inequality and stereotyping cultures from political power. It will also outline how educators with the right strategies and planning can foster valuable cultural experiences and cultivate socio-equality with their students and their school communities. Multicultural education is the termÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Reynolds, 2012) The schools that are hosting these singular multicultural days do have intent to inform students of diverse cultures, yet instead are accentuating the already existing social and cultural hierarchies. (Gorski, 2008) The way and how to teach multiculturalism in the classroom is a sensitive topic between the many parties involved. Since multicultural education is primarily a set of beliefs and philosophies (Neito, 1994), it is a very powerful issue especially from socio-political perspectives. Wright (2007) argues that multiculturalism has no pre-given destiny nationally or globally, but is continually being renewed and re-contested by political policy actors from their dominating point of view. The power of the corporate elite demonstrates their need for social in-equality through globalization, for the cheap labor from the poorest countries that accelerate their economic growth. This cycle is what Chosudovsky (2003) calls the Globalisation of Poverty. The educational policies in place illustrate this globalisation of poverty when we look at the legislations and those who write them. In the US, the educational policy is firmly under the thumbs of these corporate elites in the form of the Business Roundtable, the public education system itself is becoming a vehicle for socialising citizens into good compliance and complicity. (Chomsky, 2003; Gabbard, 2003)
Monday, May 18, 2020
Understanding Do the Right Thing While the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s and 80Ã¢â¬â¢s marked a decline in movies featuring black actors and a lack of black directors, the mid 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s through the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s invited a new generation of filmmakers and rappers, engaging with the Ã¢â¬Å"New JackÃ¢â¬ image, transforming the Ghettos of yesteryears into the hood of today. A major director that emerged during this time was Spike Lee. According to Paula MassoodÃ¢â¬â¢s book titled, Black City Cinema, African American Urban Experiences in Film, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦Lee not only transformed African American city spaces and black filmmaking practices, he also changed American filmmaking as a whole.Ã¢â¬ Lee is perhaps one of the most influential film makers of the time, likely of all time. He thrusted black Brooklyn into light, shifting away from the popularity of Harlem. By putting complex characters into an urban space that is not only defined by poverty, drugs, and crime, it suggests the community is more than the black city it on ce was, it is instead a complex cityscape. Despite them being addressed to an African American audience, LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s film attract a mixed audience. Spike leeÃ¢â¬â¢s Do the Right Thing painted a different image of the African American community, Ã¢â¬Å"The construction of the African American city as community differs from more mainstream examples of the represents black city spaces from the rime period, such as ColorsÃ¢â¬ ¦, which presented its African American and Mexican American communities through the eyes of white LAPD officers.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Do the RightShow MoreRelatedHow Leadership and Management Complement Each Other in Pragmatic Leadership and the Great Debaters1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesManagement and leadership are very important functions in getting a job done. In Peter Drucker`s statement Ã¢â¬Å"Management is doing things right and leadership is doing the right thingsÃ¢â¬ , doing things right means being able to perform well, whilst doing the right things is know ing what exactly what to do inorder to perform well. Management is associated with efficiency, and involves coordinating peoples efforts and the allocation of resources to maximize productivity whilst leadership is to effectivenessRead MoreThe Moral Benefits Of Wisdom1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesactions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Being eager to learn and desire to gain wisdom Ã¢â¬ ¢ Applying your heart to understanding -taking careful note of common sense and not allow yourself to be guided by emotions Ã¢â¬ ¢ Calling out for understanding -means that you acknowledge that you don t know it all and are in need of understanding. You know you sometimes throw common sense overboard and need the understanding that God gives Ã¢â¬ ¢ Looking for understanding as you would look for a treasure. If someone should come up to you and say thatRead MoreAnalysis of Leadership Ethics, by Lamar Odom 1176 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Leadership ethics by Lamar Odom that basically examines whether doing the right thing is enough in leadership. The author examines this issue given that the behavior of leaders has been one of the most intriguing issues in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society and in order to provide insights on ethics in leadership. The title of the book provokes deeper thoughts in the minds of leaders even before they open the book to commence reading. The author of this book is a leadership and ethic consultant who has not onlyRead MoreResponse Paper : The Promise1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhy people do some of the things that they do? Is it their own thought process or is it a direct result of how society plays a role in our lives? The majority of us tend to think that a person does something for the reasons of the individuals own reasons or purpose. Many of us donÃ¢â¬â¢t stop to think about the bigger picture of what can have an influence on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s purposes or reasons of their actions. T he fact of the matter is that for the vast majority of us the reasons why we do a lot of theRead MoreWho Is The Six Stages Of Moral Development?847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThank you for smoking How can one determine the development of morality? As we know morality is not easy to understand, and can never be defined by Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"wrongÃ¢â¬ . Morality is the ability to do something right for the right reasons. Some reasons are better, more important or more advance then others, but it is up to the individual to choose the reason that they believe have a greater value or a more advance form of ethical judgment. Kohlberg had a major influence on the evolution of moral behaviorRead MoreThe Five Precepts in the Context of The Eightfold Path Essay1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto undertake or restrain oneself. Any undertaking involves not only skill, but work and practice and therefore appreciation of the five precepts would be enhanced by developing the different aspects of the Eightfold Path. Right understanding would enhance appreciation of The First Precept, which is to abstain from the destruction of life, because it would enable a Buddhist to understand not simply that it is wrong to kill, but why you should not take life. It would enableRead MoreHow Childhood Is Viewed And How Children Themselves Are Seen1132 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Understanding Childhood There are various discourses of childhood that help us understand how childhood is viewed and how children themselves are seen. It is important to also look outside the system world and look towards the life worlds as it gives a more realistic view of various childhoods and shows how diverse the concept of childhood is because children do not share the same experiences. Regardless if you are looking at the system or life world the notions of rights, opportunities andRead MoreReaching Nirvana Through The Eightfold Path1193 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNirvana. Two of the paradigms in the Eightfold Path are right understanding and right aspiration. When trying to attain right understanding it is essential for one to ask themselves Ã¢â¬Å"Am I seeing whatÃ¢â¬â¢s really there, or what I want to see?Ã¢â¬ . This is so important to the Eightfold Path to Nirvana because it has to do with our views of the world. We get caught up in our views as if theyÃ¢â¬â¢re permanent, when they actually are not. When right understanding is achieved, a person is able to see the world, andRead MorePsychology : A Way Of Understanding Mental Disorders And How They Function1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesout of 5 people each year (Kallivayalil). Psychology has a way of understanding mental disorders and how they function. There are many branches to psychology that leads to many jobs that are beneficial more than most people realize. Majoring in psychology can go a lot farther than just in the medical field. If someone chooses to become a politician they should un derstand human behavior for the better of their region. Understanding how humans work will provide solutions to improve systems and manageRead MoreSong Comparison Essay997 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessomething. With all of these literary devices, the audience can relate to the main message and have a deeper understanding of the theme. When a person has an important decision to make in life, times may seem very hard and things may seem like they are against you. In these two songs, the bands use personification to help the audience visualize an image so they can have an easier time understanding what is going on. In the song, Time of Your Life, the singer says, Ã¢â¬Å"Time grabs you by the wrist, directs
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
The familial relationship between Juliet and her father, Lord Capulet, is quite ambivalent. It is very much affected by prominent views of the public such as patriarchy. In the medieval world of Verona in Elizabethan England, fathers were entirely in charge the household as they were viewed as dominate and more powerful. In the beginning, Lord Capulet is illustrated to be concerned that marriage to the Ã¢â¬Å"GallantÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"nobleÃ¢â¬ County Paris is too sudden for his daughter. My child is yet a stranger in the world; she hath not seen the change of fourteen years. This initially portrays Capulet as fatherly and protective over his daughter, as would be expected. My will to her consent is but a part.Ã¢â¬ From this, we can assume Lord Capulet also considers Juliets feelings about the marriage and desires her willing compliance. However I think behind the obvious image of caring, Shakespeare is mocking the society, family and wealth because he arranges for this to take place. Capulet tells Paris that although she is free to choose her own mate, it must be from a narrow pool that he has approved of, and whats more, he has already selected Paris. He sees no reason why his daughter would object. A familial relationship is also evident in Great Expectations between Abel Magwitch and Pip. From when they first meet on the marshes, their relationship is only a seed of what will grow to be an affectionate and caring bond. Ã¢â¬ËYes, Pip, dear boy, Ive made a gentleman on you! Magwitch hasShow MoreRelatedGender Roles and Attitudes toward Love in Shakespeares Hamlet5989 Words Ã |Ã 24 PagesRomeo and Juliet is a heart-breaking tragedy written early in the career of playwright William Shakespeare telling us the story of two teenage Ã¢â¬Ëstar-crossÃ¢â¬â¢d loversÃ¢â¬â¢ whose unfortunate deaths ultimately unite the dispute between their two families. Despite the perils involved, they fall in love and marry with the help of two characters, Friar Lawrence and the Nurse. Throughout the play, Shakespeare portrays a range of different kinds of love through the central female characters. Maternal love is offeredRead More Comparing the Love of Romeo and Juliet, Twelfth Night and the Bible4838 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pageshumanity. God so loved the world that he gave his only Son. (John 3:6) Jesus preached a great deal about love of neighbor, love of God and even love of enemies. (Matt 5:44) Shakespeares Biblical knowledge is well known and he was certainly familiar with these concepts as he wrote his plays on the subject of love. By looking closely at his works, we can analyze the nature of true love. In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare gives an example of true love overcome by tragic fate. His star-crossed loversRead MoreMedia Magic Making Class Invisible2198 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageshis statement that the class you are in effects you in the classroom and your level of achievement, by using statistics from researcher William Sewell. Sewell Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âshowed a positive correlation between class and overall educational achievement. In comparing the top quartile (25%) of his sample to the bottom quartile, he found that students from upper-class families were twice as li kely to obtain training beyond high school and four times as likely to attain a postgraduate degreeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (pp.342-343). SewellRead MoreDiversity At Workplace Diversity Within The Workplace3281 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesdiscrimination in which some diversity strategies come along with disapproval from group who will not get benefit from them. For example, Indian restaurant recruiting Indian waiters or Theatre Company looking for male actors for the lead role of Romeo in Romeo and Juliet play. Business case study carried on BQ UK In this case study, company was struggling with labour shortage in 90s. by implementing HRM polices of fair recruitment and selection procedures while hiring new staff with different age groupsRead MoreCrm in Supermarkets30832 Words Ã |Ã 124 PagesEB 2003-02 February 2003 FOOD INDUSTRY MANAGEMENT CORNELL U N I V E R S I T Y Customer Relationship Marketing (CRM) in the U.S. Supermarket Industry: Current Status and Prospects Gerard F. Hawkes Senior Extension Associate Food Industry Management Program Department of Applied Economics and Management College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801 Teaching Ã¢â¬ ¢ Research Ã¢â¬ ¢ Executive Education IT IS THE POLICY OF CORNELL UNIVERSITY actively to support
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Descartes has a very distinct thought when thinking about the mind, and how it relates to the body, or more specifically then brain. He seems to want to explain that the mind in itself is independent from the body. A body is merely a physical entity that could be proven to be true scientifically and also can be proven through the senses. Such things are not possible with the meta-physical mind because it is independent of the body. Building on his previous premises, Descartes finally proves whether material things exist or not and determines whether his mind and body are separate from each other or not. In Meditation Six, Descartes lays the foundation for dualism which has become one of the most important arguments in philosophy.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In my eyes this does not cancel out that God is real, because it is possible that at first God created everything with good intentions, and left individuals to live and react to certain situations their own ways. He then b egins to address the problem of imagination. If he realizes that things are around him, that rules out the possibility that he is imagining such entities. He says that imagination is not essential to his existing, so he removes himself from these thoughts. After seeing this, he then attempts to see if the body truly does exist. He explains the beliefs he has about the outside world. He understands his body and such experiences it goes though, and through that he realizes that they must be present, and if they were not it would be impossible for him to feel them. He distinguishes the body from other things because the body must always be present, while other things could be merely different feelings. He here uses premises that he developed in Meditations three and four to help state that mind and body both exist, but separately. He says that his mind is different from his body, so therefore it must be separate from it. He then comes back to his Truth Rule from Meditation Fou r. Ã¢â¬Å"Every judgment that I make concerning matters that are Ã¢â¬Å"clear and distinctÃ¢â¬ to me is most assuredly true.Ã¢â¬ He says that god has made him think that his mind and body at distinctly separate, so they must be. He argues that his body and mind areShow MoreRelatedDescartes Mind and Body1480 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Mind Body Dualism Rene DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ main purpose is to attempt to prove that the mind that is the soul or the thinking thing is distinct and is separate from the body. This thinking thing was the core of himself, which doubts, believes, reasons, feels and thinks. Descartes considers the body to be an extended unthinking thing; therefore it is possible that one may exist without the other. This view is known as mind-body dualism. He believes that what he is thinking in his mind is what GodRead MoreDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Mind and Body Distinction817 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Mind/Body Distinction This paper will attempt to explain DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ first argument for the distinction that exists between mind and body. Dualism is a necessary aspect of DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ metaphysics and epistemology. This distinction is important within the larger framework of Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) because after doubting everything (body, extension, senses, etc.), Descartes comes to the conclusion that because he doubts, he must be a thinking thing and therefore exist (p.43)Read MoreDescartes Proof That The Mind And The Body1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ proof that the Mind and the Body are distinct substances is as follows, First Descartes asserts that everything that can be clearly and distinctly understood is within the ability to be created by God as to correspond identically with the way that Descartes understand things in the world. It follows from this assertion that because Descartes is able to clearly and distinctly understand one thing apart from one anot her is enough to make them noticeably different in substance. DescartesRead MoreDescartes : Mind And Body Dualism735 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesDescartes was a Renaissance philosopher who affirmed the value of the deductive method (Chaplin Krawiec, 1983). This is an essential part of the scientific method where in the search for knowledge one passes from the general to the particular in a way that starting from premises of universal character particular statements are inferred. His philosophical method of questioning all propositions leads him to suggest that doubt is an act of thinking and he could not doubt that he thought, affirmingRead MoreDescartes And The Mind Body Dualism2479 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"The mind-body dualism, in philosophy, is the fact that any theory that the mind and body are distinct kinds of substances or natures. This position implies that mind and body not only differ in meaning, but refer to different kinds of entities (Britannica).Ã¢â¬ The most basic form of dualism is substance dualism. Substance dualism is the idea that he mind and body are composed of two ontologically distinct substances. According to one who believes and studies dualism, the mind is comprised of aRead MoreDescartes on the Distinction Between Body and Mind1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesName Tutor Course Date Descartes Premise for Distinguishing Body and Mind In the Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes discusses the nature of the body and mind. By drawing from three lines of thought, Descartes launches a powerful premise that the body is something distinct from the mind. He conceptualizes his argument by using the uncertainty of knowledge argument, appealing to GodÃ¢â¬â¢s omnipotence, and describing the indivisibility of the body and mind. Therefore, the purpose of this paperRead MoreDescartes Meditations And The Separation Of Mind And Body1608 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Meditations take us through what can be called into doubt and what he concludes is absolutely certain. Descartes argues that the mind and body are two distinct things, but he acknowledges that they are somehow connected. Although, Scholars have noted DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ argument of the separation of mind and body, they have missed the importance of how he justifies the connection between the two, because God willed it so. At the start of his meditations Descartes is sifting through his priorRead MoreDescartes: Relationship Between Mind and Body922 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDistinction between the Mind and BodyÃ¢â¬ , one important thing Descartes explores is the relationship between the mind and body. Descartes believes the mind and body are separated and they are two difference substances. He believes this to be clearly and distinctly true which is a Cartesian quality for true knowledge. I, on the other hand, disagree that the mind and body are separate and that the mind can exist without the body. First, I will present Descartes position on mind/body dualism and his proofRead MoreDescartes Dualism And The Mind Body Theory1322 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Dualism Rene Descartes dualism states that the mind and body are separate entities. The mind is a nonphysical, non-spatial substance; the mind and brain are separate existences, the brain is a part of the physical body and serves as a connection between the body and mind. Dualism is a hot topic of argument on whether the theory holds any validity or if it holds any truth. However, Cartesian dualism is a credible theory and has a lot of support to verify it. One major point in DescartesRead MoreSummary Of Descartes On The Mind-Body Distinction751 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAssignment Descartes on the Mind-Body Distinction In the Sixth Mediation, Descartes advances a compact argument for the idea that the mind and the body are distinct (2006, AT 78). In this essay, IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to present what I take DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ argument to be, and very briefly evaluate it afterwards. Descartes starts with the thought the we can understand, at least, something, and we can understand something in a specific manner: clearly and distinctly; we canÃ¢â¬â¢t be wrong, according to Descartes, about things
Undoubtedly, education plays a significant role in every aspect of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. In other words, all through history, education and psychology have powerful methods for learning pieces of information. Also, these two efficient ways are vital for those who are eager to improve their behavior and knowledge. We will write a custom essay sample on Role of Education or any similar topic only for you Order Now As a matter of fact, learning has been defined in several methods by a number of different theories. Theories of learning can help instructors to decide and select the suitable ways for their educational structure. Many scholars have commented on how behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism have influenced the research in the field of educational technology. Behaviorism is a psychological approach which describes all behavior in terms of learning. This theory focuses on behavior. In addition, in this approach, cognition like thoughts is totally ignored. Also, it is a theory of animal and human learning that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts mental activities. Without a doubt, this approach has a numerous ascendency, such as providing a number of practical applications and techniques to shape conduct. As far as I concerned, giving a prize to those whose behavior is appropriate is the best deed, and also it can cause others especially children to shape and enhance not only their behavior, but also their activities. However, besides all these positive features, it has some disadvantages, but two of which are more significant. For instance, based on this theory, learning can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the relatively permanent change in behavior brought about as a result of experience or practice.Ã¢â¬ Obviously, this approach has had a long lasting impact on language teaching, but it has some negative points. To illustrate, people can change their conduct when they are either exposure to new environment or get new information, even if they have previously established a different behavior through reinforcement. In addition, behaviorists claim, Ã¢â¬Å"Human has passive learners.Ã¢â¬ , but, psychologists are appose to this assertion. They believe human are active agnates, and they are able to think and determine. In my opinion, this theory is really useful and practical in elementary schools, because children in this grade cannot distinguish between right and wrong, so they need a person who monitor them. In other words, they need a leadership. On the other hand, behaviorism is not essential for higher grades, because these kind of people are active, and they already have learned and known what the best method is. Cognitivism, like behaviorism, emphasizes the role that environmental conditions play in facilitating learning. Cognitive psychologies tend to think of the brain as an active participating component in the learning process. . This theory focused on the inner mental activities of human beings to understand how people learn. In fact, behaviorists saw humans as programmed animals, but cognitivists viewed them as rational beings. The best feature in this theory is that cognitivism assists people who really wants to shape their behavior and tries to develop their conduct for the better. Due to the fact that, this approach focuses on brainÃ¢â¬â¢s function, it is really beneficial and helpful. On the other hand, cognitive approach denies other factor which influences behavior, such as, genes and individual experiences. Owning to assuming all human conduct are equal, it is the biggest weakness that this theory has. I think that, this theory can be more practical than behaviorism. Due to the fact that, it is able to combine to other approaches can be effective and helpful method in all schools especially Iranian students. Also, because it does not focuses on just one thing and analyze human in other perspective, Iranian student are more successful when educational system applies this approach in schools. Therefore, according to all things that it was mentioned-above, cognitivism has abundant positive results in Iranian educational system. Constructivism considers the learning to be an active. Even though constructivism is considered to be a branch of cognitivism (both conceive of learning as a mental activity), it distinguishes itself from traditional cognitive theories in a number of ways. One of the superb factors in this approach can be pointed out is that students are active, and all of them participate in every activities, such as discussion and practicing. It is believed that group working is one the best effective ways to progress in every field. Also, this action is tough provoking, and it is kind of a challenge for students to try hard to achieve their goals. However, this way is only suitable for those who are genius, and they can analyze their problems individually. In other words, it can be practical for people who can deal with every problem without any assistance, so they are really successful with this approach. Furthermore, this method is not handy for students or other people whose knowledge are lees, and they are not in favor of group activities. Hence, they might fail at their courses or they may just imitate what others do, so they do not learn anything. In this case, constructivism has negative results. Consequently, constructive approach depends on peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s characteristic. In my point of view, this approach is the best theory in contrast with other theories. Although it has some negative points, advantages outweigh disadvantages. However, constructivist approach is not appropriate for Iranian educational system. Unfortunately, Iranian are intrapersonal, and they prefer to do their activities individually. On the other hand, Iranian student are in favor of teacher-centered. Owning to focusing student-center in this way, our society disagrees with it. In addition, due to lack of capacity of some of Iranian student, this theory is not successful in our education. In short, it is not deniable that these three approaches are beneficial and try to help students improve their education and behavior. Obviously, each of these theories works for each student, and they have different ways and attitudes to how these theories accelerate learning. As it was above mentioned, all these three schools of thought has their own strengths and weaknesses, but I think constructivism is like a new invention in education. As far as I concerned, if I were a teacher, I would definitely choose the constructivism theory because it is crucial that students be more active in their lesson and become independent. Also, this way causes increase studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ motivation to study well. How to cite Role of Education, Papers
A Scary Story Essay, Research Paper The Lakeside Ghost Story My tummy was churning as the large bold letters came into position. They read, Camp Lakeside. The coach came to a sudden halt and a counsellor at the forepart of the coach stood up and shout, Everyone away! A stampede of eager campers rushed from the coach, into the bright sunlight of Lakeside cantonment. I had been looking frontward to the cantonment for a few months and now that I am here I can t believe it. My friend Justin saved a bunk beside his. I arrived besides to the good intelligence that I wouldn t need to take the swimming trial. Although I m non a great swimmer, I made some major betterments last twelvemonth. That dark for dinner we had chicken with mashed murphies and Brassica oleracea italica. For sweet they served Jell-O. I got a little leery when after dinner we were ordered to travel to our cabins and unpack. We will write a custom essay sample on A Scary Story Essay Research Paper The or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page After we were finished unpacking, we had some free clip until 7:45, which gave us thirty proceedingss to play. The clip passed rapidly and before we knew it, the clip was 8:00! I started running to my cabin, but all of a sudden I spotted two counsellors dressed in all black. I had the impulse to follow them, but my desire to remain out of problem on the first twenty-four hours maintain me from following them. The following twenty-four hours flew by as a merriment filled twenty-four hours. My friends and I played thr oughout the searing hot twenty-four hours. He had besides seen something that dark, but thought it was nil. We both made a promise that we would follow the two counsellors subsequently that dark. After dinner, we were given the same regulations as the twenty-four hours before. I played until 7:30, so hid in a shrub with my friend Tommy. At around 8:00 we saw the same two counsellors walking in the same topographic point so we followed them at a safe distance. The two counsellors walked rather a distance until they suddenly stopped at an old campfire haunt. We approached easy and carefully seeking non to do a sound when both of them turned about and said hello small kiddies and vanished go forthing their lifeless apparels on the land. We ran every bit fast as we could towards what we thought was the way of the route. Then out of nowhere they appear in the darkness in front traveling quickly at us. We decided tally to the left trusting person would assist us. That s when I looked back and noticed that Tommy wasn T behind me. I kept peering back trusting to happen some hint that he was behind me, but nil merely the two ferocious shades. When I eventually reached the chief route I flagged down a constabulary auto and blurted to the constabulary officer Lakeside Camp is a shade cantonment. The officer looked at a loss and said Lakeside Camp burned down over 30 old ages ago.
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about theLeadership and Learning for Journal of Management. Answer: A true leader is one who possess the qualities of knowing, showing and going all the way (Maxwell, 2018). For the purpose of being a good leader one must have a clear vision about the goals of an organization. Such leader must know the objectives of the organizations. It can be said that a leader who does not know his goals cannot lead others. Knowing the destination is of primary importance for leading any team (Antonakis Day, 2017). However, due to the change in the market conditions and the change in the policies of the organizations leaders are required to have the ability and skill to adapt to the changes and shift their visions. Adjustments and changes in the visions of leaders do not pose any problems to the leaders as long as the leader knows the way to achieve the visions. Such changes and adjustments in the visions must not occur frequently as it might make a good leader feel distracted and lose confidence. A good and efficient leader must go all the way while demonstrating his leadership skills. In most instances leaders just show the way to their subordinates to achieve the visions he has for the organizations (Shanafelt Noseworthy, 2017). However, the leaders themselves are unwilling to go all the way and provide a demonstration to the subordinates about how to achieve the goals. A good and efficient leader is one sets an example for others to follow. A true leader always shows the right path to his subordinates to follow. A leader must not show the way to his team but also keep the members of the close so they not feel lost and confused about how to reach the goal (Senge, Hamilton Kania, 2015). A good leader shares his vision with the rest of the team and motivates them to achieve the vision shared by them. A good leader as opined by Senge must act like the designer of a ship rather than its captain. The leader must create a common vision for the team. He must determine and formulate policies, structures and strategies and transform business ideas into decisions to be followed by the team. For the purpose of assessing the leadership qualities which include (knowing, showing and going) the importance of organizational learning must be discussed. Organizational learning can be defined can be defined as the body of work which takes into account many disciplines of both social and natural sciences (Shafritz, Ott, Jang, 2015). The disciplines of anthropology, sociology and psychology are important contributors to the process of organizational learning. The process of organizational learning is intricately related to many other major fields such as organizational communication, leading change, individual motivation and accountability, creativity and innovation and management and leadership development (Li, et al., 2014). The phenomenon of organizational learning can be defined by two different schools of thoughts. They are: Cognitive school Behavioral school According to the cognitive school it can be said that organizational learning takes place through mental models, schemas and structures that help us understand situation and events and also allow us to interpret and respond to our environment (O'Donnell King, 2014). However the Behavioral school suggests that the process of organizational learning s done by having a good understanding and gaining insights from experience. Such insights and experience can be gained through observation, experimentation, analysis and examination of the results of the actions undertaken by the business leaders (Sessa London, 2015). It can be said that the need for organizational learning has become necessary now more than ever before as businesses are tend to move from stable to unstable conditions in the global marketplace. Companies have realized the need to rejuvenate themselves and re formulate their policies for ensuring short and long term success as competitions, market conditions, technology, customer demands are evolving. Encouraging a culture of learning is of topmost priority to the leading businesses because organizational learning contributes to creation of competitive advantage by enhancing the organizational effectiveness and performance. After having discussed the meaning and importance of organizational learning, it can be said that organizational learning can be assessed and evaluated by the application of three classical theories (Kolb, 2014). They are: Adaptive and generative learning theory from the cognitive school Experimental earning theory from the cognitive school Assimilation theory from the behavioral school Adaptive and Generative learning theory The theory of adaptive and generative learning had been devised by Peter Senge. It is based on the theory of Kolbs ELT model (Chiva Habib, 2015). The Adaptive and Generative learning theory has identified mental models which involve generalizations, deeply ingrained assumptions or images and pictures that help us to have a good understanding of the world and understanding of how actions are taken. It can be said in accordance with this theory that some of the skills and abilities required by individuals at the organizational level include: building a shared vision, personal mastery team learning and systematic thinking. This theory differentiates between generative and adaptive learning. Adaptive learning can be characterized by paying attention to the foundation of existing knowledge. Existing knowledge is amended with new thinking to achieve an objective. Adaptive learning is particular importance to organizations as organizations seek continuous improvement. The generative learni ng theory however is different from the Adaptive learning theory as it seeks to generate new information from the foundation of existing knowledge. Generative learning becomes useful to an organization when new strategies, product lines and other assets are required urgently (Sessa London, 2015). Generative learning is effective in producing radical ne changes in the organization. Thus it can be said that leaders in an organization can develop their leadership skills by the application of principles as enumerated in the aforementioned theory. Leaders are required to know their vision for the purpose of leading their teams. By the application of principles of this theory, leaders can access the information which is required to make innovative strategies to lead their respective teams. For the purpose of leading their teams leaders are required to formulate strategies for their team members so that they can achieve their shared vision. Formulation of such strategies requires leaders to have in depth knowledge about adaptive and Generative information. Experiential Learning theory- The experiential learning theory had been devised by Kolb and the same is based on psychology, physiology and philosophy (Kolb, 2014). The Experimental theory has influenced organization and leadership significantly and has significantly contributed to the learning organization principles. The basic premise of this theory is that the process of learning occurs through grasping and transforming experience. The experiential learning theory is constituted of a learning cycle with a four stage model. Concrete experience and abstract conceptualization makes up the grasping component while reflective observation and active experimentation constitutes the component of transforming experience (Sessa London, 2015). It can be said that in this learning process a learner moves though a cycle of experiencing, thinking, reflecting and acting in a repeating progression which is unique to each learning experience. In this learning process the specific experiences generate observation and reflectio n. Such concrete concepts are integrated and internalized and into abstract concepts, which in turn generates behavioral experimentation. Thus after being provided with a detailed analysis of the theory of Experiential learning, it can be said that leaders are required to create an atmosphere of learning within the organizations. Assimilation theory This theory is comparatively different from the other cognitive theories. According to this theory, organizational learning is primarily focused on changes, which are based on action. Such changes take place in an organization as the individuals learn through their performance (Engestrm, 2014). According to the Assimilation theory, organizational learning can be characterized as rational, observable and quantifiable. This theory has put forward a learning process comprised of three unique stages. These stages are: Knowledge acquisition which consists of creation and development insights, skills and relationships Knowledge sharing which consists of disseminating what has been learned Knowledge utilization, which is comprised, of implementation of the knowledge through policies that can be applied in general situations. The aforementioned three stages are behavior linked and focuses on practical application rather than cognition. Seven learning orientation have been proposed for the purpose of defining this method of organizational learning. The seven orientations are: Identifying the source of the knowledge Focus on what is produced by the organization versus how the organization aims to deliver its services and products Documentation of the knowledge- Assessing public availability vs individual possession of knowledge Mode of Dissemination- How the knowledge acquired is to be disseminated among various departments of the organization Focusing on the learning process- Assessing the benefits of transformative versus incremental learning Focusing on value chain- Assessing whether investing in market and deliver or design and make functions would be beneficial Focusing on development of skill- Assessing the benefits of development of skills by individuals vs development of team skills. Thus after analyzing the principles of this theory it can be said that leaders are first required to identify the source of the knowledge required for building the vision. 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